Skip to main content

Walmart Sustainability Case Project

About the Project

The goal of the Walmart sustainability case project is to develop teaching cases and notes that lead students through an in-depth analysis of Walmart’s efforts to develop and implement an ambitious corporate sustainability strategy. To accomplish this task, professors from the Moore School of Business, University of South Carolina and the Sam M. Walton College of Business, University of Arkansas, collaborated to write a series of cases that explores Walmart’s sustainability journey from different positions and perspectives. The authors drew on 30 interviews, 25 of which were with current or former employees of Walmart, in developing the case series. They also drew on public information. In each case, the respective authors have sought to present a factual accounting. The cases and their links are presented below, categorized according to whether they have been reviewed by Walmart or not.

These cases are not designed to provide a comprehensive examination of the full set of issues that Walmart has encountered during its ongoing sustainability journey. In choosing these cases, we have attempted to identify specific decision points pertaining to the company’s sustainability efforts that can lead to engaged, thoughtful classroom discussions of the opportunities and challenges involved in designing and implementing a wide-ranging corporate sustainability strategy.

The cases are designed to be taught alone or as a series, but there are distinct advantages to teaching them as a series. Doing so allows instructors and students to examine recurring issues and questions across positions, tasks, and time, including different levels of the organization (CEO, sustainability director, functional managers), strategic decision-making stages (vision, strategy, implementation, measurement), and periods (from vision to implementation, and back again).

Published Cases

The first set of cases are based primarily on interviews with employees of Walmart and have been reviewed by Walmart for factual accuracy. However, this review does not constitute an endorsement of the cases or their completeness.

The second set of cases are based primarily on public information and have not been reviewed by Walmart for factual accuracy.

Faculty Contacts

University of Arkansas: David G. Hyatt
University of South Carolina: Andrew Spicer


The authors thank the two schools, including the CIBER at the University of South Carolina and the Supply Chain Management Research Center and the Applied Sustainability Center at the University of Arkansas, for their support of this project.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License

© 2017 Board of Trustees of the University of Arkansas and the University of South Carolina